Hypercapnia (from the Greek hyper = "above" or "too much" and kapnos = "smoke"), also known as hypercarbia and CO2 retention, is a condition of abnormally elevated carbon dioxide (CO2) levels in the blood. Carbon dioxide is a gaseous product of the body's metabolism and is normally expelled through the lungs.
A vasoactive substance is an endogenous agent or pharmaceutical drug that has the effect of either increasing or decreasing blood pressure and/or heart rate through its vasoactivity, that is, vascular activity (effect on blood vessels).
Turn patient prone and supine with their face looking in the direction of the ventilator. Arms: Position arms along the side of the body with fingers pointing toward toes. Keep arms as close to body as possible.
Mechanical Ventilation/Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation (ECMO) ... Depending on a patient's medical condition, a ventilator - also referred to as a respirator or breathing machine - can support or completely control breathing for a short period of time or long-term